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And God told Moses: “I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.” – Deuteronomy 18:18
In order for the Islamic faith to be credible, Muhammad must be a qualified and proven prophet of God. According to the Koran’s Sura 33:40, Muhammad was the final prophet sent by God, the Seal of the Prophets, “Muhammad…[he is] the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.”
With respect to Deuteronomy 18:18, the Koran teaches that Muhammad is the subject of the verse. He is the Prophet “like unto” Moses and, in many aspects, was even greater than Moses. Sura 46:9-10 states:
Islam’s foundation and basis for credibility depends upon Muhammad as the substantiated final Messenger of God. This is revealed in every Muslim’s confession of faith, in the Shahadatain, which reads as follows, “…Muhammad is His messenger to all human beings till the Day of Judgment.” Since Muhammad is the final messenger and prophet, and the ultimate fulfillment of Deuteronomy 18:18 according to Islam, it is a requirement that all Muslims submit and follow what he taught in the Koran. Islam, by definition, means ‘to submit.’
Christianity teaches that Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, is the foretold prophet of Deuteronomy 18:18. This position is clearly supported and verified in the New Testament. In the book of Acts 3:20-22, regarding Jesus, it states:
Notice that Acts 3:22 is a direct quote from Deuteronomy 18:18 which states, “I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.”
Regarding Jesus’ fulfillment of Deuteronomy 18:18, Acts 3:22 supports and justifies the Christian position. However, in many obvious illustrations such as this, Islam’s defenders respond that the Bible is no longer valid. They rely on the teachings of Muhammad, their ‘Seal of the Prophets.’ They believe that his message is greater and more credible than the Bible. Their contention is that the Scriptures have been altered!
With respect to Deuteronomy 18:18, Islam and Christianity cling to two diametrically opposed positions. There can only be one truth! Based on the facts, is it more logical to conclude that the subject of this verse is Muhammad, or Jesus of Nazareth? Before answering this question, it is important that we discover what the Bible tells us about Moses’ characteristics and qualities that set him apart from most other men. By definition, this Prophet must possess these same distinct qualities.
This chapter will address seven distinct characteristics surrounding Moses’ life that are provided in the Bible which make him unique and distinguishable from the average human being. They are as follows:
|1)||During the time of Moses’ birth, the Scriptures reveal that the Pharaoh of Egypt made a decree that all newborn male children of Israel would be killed. Exodus 1:22 declares, “And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.”|
According to the Bible, this type of decree occurred on only one other occasion.
|2)||In order to rescue the newborn Moses from Pharaoh’s decree, Exodus 2:2-6,10 reveals that his mother sent him into Egypt when he was three months of age. It was there where he was kept safe:|
|3)||Moses was a descendent of the tribe of Levi, one of the twelve sons of Jacob, who was renamed Israel. His genealogy is verified in Exodus 2:1-2:|
This passage clearly reveals that Moses was an Israelite, a Jew!
As an Israelite, unlike many other prophets who succeeded him, Moses was special in the eyes of God. In the Book of Numbers chapter 12, when the LORD rebuked Aaron and Miriam for coming against Moses, He revealed to them just how special Moses was. According to Numbers 12:6-8, He told them that Moses was permitted to see His form and similitude unlike any other prophet:
|4)||As we have seen, the LORD advised Aaron and Miriam that Moses was allowed to see His appearance. The proof that Moses actually saw God can be found in Exodus 34:29-30, 35. This passage testifies that after Moses saw God on Mount Sinai, and he returned to the children of Israel with the Ten Commandments, his face glowed from being in God’s presence:|
|5)||According to Deuteronomy 9:10-11, which records the words of Moses, it states that he introduced a covenant relationship between God and the children of Israel when he brought the Ten Commandments down from the mount:|
This covenant that God made with the sons and daughters of Jacob was sealed with blood. The Book of Exodus testifies to the entire world the uniqueness of this ‘blood covenant relationship’ that God entered into with the children of Israel. Exodus 24:4-8 states:
“And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel. (5) And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD. (6) And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. (7) And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient. (8) And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words.”
|6)||Through Moses, the LORD God performed miraculous signs and wonders such as the ten plagues that were inflicted upon Egypt as the result of Pharaoh’s stubbornness and hardness of heart when he refused to, “…let my people go.” Exodus 7:14 states, “And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh's heart is hardened, he refuseth to let the people go.”|
After the ten plagues, the punishment was not quite over for Pharaoh and for Egypt. Shortly after the children of Israel were permitted to leave the country, Pharaoh had a sudden change of heart and sent out his entire army to chase down God’s people and kill them. There came the time when Moses and the people became trapped between the Red Sea and Pharaoh’s army that were in pursuit. At that moment, the LORD God intervened once again in defense of His people who were in fear for their lives. Exodus 14:13-14 records the words that Moses said to the children of Israel:
“… Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever. (14) The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.”
The following passage reveals God’s plan as He commanded Moses to tell the people to move forward and toward the sea. He used Moses for another great miracle as He told him to lift up his rod and that the sea would divide. According to Exodus 14:15-16, the children of Israel would then go across the sea on dry ground:
“And the LORD said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward: (17) But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.”
In the next passage, in Exodus 14:17-18, God tells Moses His plan for Pharaoh and his army:
“And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. (18) And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.”
Moses raised his rod as the LORD instructed, and the sea parted. The children of Israel ran across the dry ground to the other side. In their chariots, Pharaoh’s army pursued across the dry ground with the intentions to kill all of them. While Pharaoh’s entire army was in the midst of the sea, a great wall of water on each side of them, God ordered Moses to raise up his rod one last time. The children of Israel were about to witness the final destruction upon Pharaoh and his army. After Moses raised the rod, Exodus 14:26-28 testifies to the final judgment bestowed upon Egypt as Pharaoh’s entire army was completely annihilated when the Red Sea was restored to its original state, and they were all swallowed up in the midst of the sea:
“And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen. (27) And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. (28) And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.”
The Bible teaches that God used Moses to perform miracles of epic proportions. The Prophet of Deuteronomy 18:18 must possess this same quality.
|7)||Upon his discovery that the Israelites committed a great sin by building idols made of gold, Exodus 32:31-32 states that, “…Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold. Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.”|
In this passage, Moses pleaded with God to forgive his people and, if not, he offered himself in their place. Though God did not accept Moses’ offer, Exodus 33 records that this great prophet of God was successful in soothing His wrath against the people. Moses made intercession for them. God heard his words!
These are seven notable attributes of the great prophet Moses. Deuteronomy 18:18 prophesies of another Prophet that would come who would be much like him. Is it Jesus, or Muhammad?